Department of Philosophy

Exploring Citizenship

Rules & Principles in Citizenship Design - New Challenges in the Wake of Migration, Populism and Increasing Global Interdependence

Project Description

Democracy means ‘rule by the people’ – but who is this people? Until quite recently, the people was thought of as the group that is at the same time citizens in the democratic state, resident within its territory, and affected by its decisions. However, international migration and globalization have pushed for rethinking how we define the people, while populism – questioning the mutual trust between governments and electorates – threatens to bring issues about who should be enfranchised and included in the democracy to the immediate policy agenda. In the wake of this contemporary ’crisis of democracy’ many scholars have started to engage with how to legitimately define the people through citizenship laws and practices. The research on democratic inclusion has developed in directions that prompt for cross-disciplinary cooperation, but research on contemporary democracy suffers yet from low levels of cross-fertilization among disciplines.

This program meets the lack of interdisciplinary scrutiny by forming a group that combines law, political science and philosophy. The program follows three lines of enquiry, each calling for the combination of (at least) all three disciplines:

  1. How are the principles for democratic inclusion to be applied at, and conciliated with, increased interdependence between states?
  2. How are the principles for democratic inclusion to be applied at immigrants and expats, and how do existing citizenship and enfranchisement rules align with the principles?
  3. How inclusive and malleable are peoples’ attitudes towards democratic inclusion, and which legal definitions of the demos can the attitudes allow for?

The main aim of this two years-program is to create an integrative environment of 10–25 researchers for the interdisciplinary enquiry into citizenship design, involving philosophy, law and political science and with the potential to evolve to include researchers from other fields.

News and Events



  • December 2017 (forthcoming 2018/1) Patricia Mindus and Masmo Cuono publish the paper "Verso una teoria del diritto per l’età delle migrazioni di massa. Una tipologia del potere arbitrario", in Rivista di Filosofia del Diritto.
  • 30 December 2017, the project EU-CITZEN, headed by CEPS in Bruxelles, wins funds EU Commission DG Justice Proposal: Patricia Mindus is Advisory Board member.
  • 15 December 2017, Patricia Mindus presents a paper on "Arbitrary Law-Making in Migration Policy" at Rome Tre, Department of Law in occasion of the workshop on Migration & Legal Theory, paper co-authored with Massimo Cuono.
  • 7 December 2017, the program presents an application for a project on “Contributivism, Citizenship, and Voting Rights” at the Seminar for Political Theory at the Department of Government.
  • 5 December 2017, Jonas Hultin Rosenberg gives a presentation entitled “Voting, Competence and Age Limits” at the Institute for Future Studies.
  • 5 December 2017, book launch of Patricia Mindus' new book European Citizenship. After Brexit at Law at the Law Department LUISS University with a debate with Enzo Moaveri Milanesi, Roberto Miccù, Nicola Lupo.
  • 2 December 2017, Patricia Mindus gives a talk on "Taking EU Citizenship Seriously", keynote at international conference on future of the EU, 3 December 2017 in Ljubljana (Slovenia), sponsored by the program Joint Citizens Forces - Common European Future.
  • 1 December 2017, The Citizen Panel at the University of Gothenburg publishes popular summary of Johan Wejryd’s experimental study of how active citizenship is impeded by New Public Management reforms.
  • 29 November 2017, Patricia Mindus gives a talk on "Models of Democracy and Citizens’ Initiative in the EU: A Case Study", EUPADRA Seminars.
  • 27 November 2017, Patricia Mindus gives a talk of the “Veil of EU citizens: between freedom of religion and politics of neutrality” at LUISS School of Governement, Rome.
  • 15 November 2017, Patricia Mindus gives a talk on "Citizenship & Justice" at LUISS School of Government in Rome.
  • 13 October 2017, Patricia Mindus gives a talk on "Enacting Citizenship in Europe" at Glasgow Law School.
  • 25 October 2017, Jonas Hultin Rosenberg and Johan Wejryd present a paper entitled “Universal suffrage among whom? Attitudes on who should be allowed to vote” at the Department of Government at Uppsala University.
  • October 2017, “Vad är en medborgare?”, interview with Patricia Mindus in Nya Horisonter: Magasin från Uppsala universitet.
  • 26 September 2017, Kick-off for the research program “Exploring citizenship”.
  • 14 September 2017, Jonas Hultin Rosenberg presents a paper entitled “Equality, Proportionality and the All-Affected Principle” at the Boundary Problem Workshop at the Institute for Future Studies.
  • 8 september 2017, Patricia Mindus co-chairs with Chiara Raucea an ECPR Panel in Oslo Redrawing Political Boundaries.
  • 19 July 2017, Patricia Mindus and CIVIS SUM organize the special workshop “Bordered Jurisprudence?”, IVR World Congress, Lisbon Faculty of Law.
  • 1 July 2017, the research program “Exploring Rules & Principles in Citizenship Design - New Challenges in the Wake of Migration, Populism and Increasing Global Interdependence” starts.
  • 1 July 2017, Patricia Mindus publishes the article “Enacting European Citizenship” in The Spokesman (Issue 136, on European Citizenship, 27-31).
  • 19 June 2017, Jonas Hultin Rosenberg presents a paper entitled “Migrants’ enfranchisement: rules and principles on voting rights for resident non-citizens” at the University of Trieste.

About the Program




The research program is funded by the Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Uppsala University (Programstöd för tvärgående och tematiska forskningsprogram från Vetenskapsområdet för humaniora och samhälls-vetenskap vid Uppsala universitet)