Contributivism is the idea that economic contribution grounds political influence in the form of franchise. This project investigates institutional embodiments and political prospects of this idea in the EU today. The institutional forms we study include legal practices that make economic contributions a ground for enfranchisement either directly, as in citizenship-by-investment program that give direct access to franchise, or indirectly as in investment immigration policies. We focus primarily on the first kind, common in Eastern and Southern Europe. Then we look at the political prospects of contributivism spreading to other parts of the EU. Four countries – UK, Germany, France, and Italy – are investigated. In order to establish these prospects, we examine what law-makers claim by studying parliamentary debates on voting rights for foreign residents and non-resident citizens, and then we probe contributivist attitudes in the electorate. The research design combines theory development with systematic empirical studies: in-depth comparative studies of the laws enabling “citizenship for sale”, medium-N cross-national analysis of parliamentary debates and surveys on popular attitudes by means of conjoint analyses. This methodology was chosen because we need a multidisciplinary approach and cross-national comparisons to understand how contributivism is currently practiced and if it is making a come-back, which we suspect it may.
- The official kick-off of the project Contributivism is scheduled to 1 July 2019
- December, Patricia Mindus' book The European Citizenship After Brexit is nominated to UACES 2019 Best Book Prize
- December 18, Elena Prats gives a guest seminar at the Department of Law, Stockholm University: "A market for citizenship"
- November 15, the research team hands in a grant application to NordForsk titled “The Return of Contributivism? On Economic Contribution in Enfranchisement of Migrants” together with colleagues from Stockholm University, University of Copenhagen, Oslo University, University of Southampton and University of Reading
- November 5, the project Contributivism is awarded a project grant by the Swedish Research Council
About the Project
The project is funded by the Swedish Research Council